Hormone Therapy and Blood Pressure Control

Introduction

Blood is the fuel of the body which is produced by the minerals and the water content in the body. Blood pressure is a reading that is represented by two variables - systolic blood pressure that takes the arteries pressure when the heart contracts and the diastolic pressure which indicates the arteries pressure when the heart relaxes.

What causes of fluctuating blood pressure?

Medications
  • Beta-blockers and certain heart medications
  • Diuretics
  • If you are on a heavy dose of hypertension medication
  • Medications for Parkinson's disease
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
Stress and anxiety

It is a natural response of the body to physically show up with symptoms of distress after a stressful event. It could be emotional or something that’s physically strained the body. The body’s normal blood pressure spikes up based on the situation, and eventually returns to normal as the person calms down. However, long-term and untreated anxiety can have harmful effects on your blood pressure.

While the above are the main reasons for blood pressure to spike up or go low, there are many other conditions that contribute to the development of high or low blood pressure. Some of them are:

  • Genetic history
  • Drug addiction
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Hormonal fluctuations
  • Endocrine problems
  • Blood loss
  • Dehydration
  • Obesity
  • Poor diet and lifestyle
  • Physical inactivity

While treatments include a change in lifestyle, diet patterns, and medication, there’s more research on how hormone therapy can be an effective treatment for blood pressure.

Hormone therapy is a new-age treatment that has been under research for more than a decade. It involves releasing a hormone to create a balance in the affected area and is mostly used to control blood pressure problems. A recent study states that ANP, a hormone released by heart muscle cells could improve and treat high blood pressure.

What is ANP & how it works?

Atrial Natriuretic peptide is a hormone secreted from the cardiac atria.It belongs to the family of structurally related hormone paracrine factors. The main function of the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) hormone is that it enters the bloodstream and lowers blood pressure by increasing renal sodium excretion in urine.

While it’s function says it all, half the work is done when it controls the electrolyte homeostasis which calms down the blood pressure, and brings the person to a normal state.

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